How Does Laser Hair Removal Work?
Laser hair removal works by using a combination of light and heat to target hair follicles. A laser machine is designed to emit energy in the form of heat and light. This light is attracted to and absorbed by Melanin. Melanin is the substance within your hair that contains the pigment or colour. This is definitely the most important factor for laser. Heat travels down the hair shaft to the root where the heat destroys the interconnecting cells that connect the hair root to the blood supply that nourishes it. As a result the interconnecting cells are completely destroyed and a new hair can’t grow. This will take a number of sessions as hair has to be in a particular phase of growth for this to take place. Laser is a completely safe procedure as the laser will only absorb into these specific structures.
For laser to work hair has to be in a specific phase of growth
There are 3 growth phases
Active growth phase – Hair is nourished by the blood supply therefore hair is able to grow
Transition phase – Hair stops growing and follicle detaches from the blood supply
Shedding phase – Hair dies without nourishment and sheds from the follicle
Back to Anagen again
After this the regrowth cycle begins again
For laser to successfully work only hairs that are in the Anagen phase will be targeted on each session. Therefore hairs that are in the other 2 phases will not be affected. Hair follicles change phases at different rates depending on the area of the body being treated.
So how does laser hair removal work?
Hairs have to contain dark pigment
Laser will only target pigmented hairs and will only work on mid brown, brown and black hairs the laser relies on this pigment to target the hair for absorption.
If the hair does not contain melanin the laser will not absorb into it and the heat transferred will have no effect. Lighter brown hairs may reduce slightly but they will not be fully removed as a result of this. White, red and grey hairs will not respond to laser at all. In areas where there is a mixture of light and dark hairs in an area the laser will only target the darker ones and the lighter ones will remain.
We have been using Cynosure Elite lasers for the last 10 years, all of our lasers are FDA approved. Rigorous clinical testing has been done to deem them safe and also to prove they are effective at permanently reducing hair. For lasers to work at optimum levels they must be fully serviced and maintained. Our lasers are fully serviced and lamps changed on an ongoing basis to ensure you get the very best results from each laser session that you have with us. Our lasers use 2 different wavelenghts one for lighter skins – Alexandrite 755nm and another for darker skins Nd:YAG 1064nm.
There is more published clinical evidence to support the effectiveness of medical grade laser treatment. Our lasers have FDA seal of approval have gone through clinical testing to achieve such a standard.
Medical grade lasers give the best results
There are a number of laser hair removal machines available. To achieve the best results we would always recommend choosing a medical grade laser for your treatments. There is a difference between IPL’s and medical grade lasers. Without a doubt you will see results quicker results and need less sessions with a medical grade laser. Because of this they are a better option for treatment.
Why Is Laser Different To IPL?
Lasers are more selective and more effective at targeting melanin within the hair than IPL. Per pulse of energy delivered by an IPL system only 30% of that energy is absorbed by Melanin. A medical grade laser will have approx 95% absorption of energy in comparison. This means less sessions and better long term results.
- Lasers penetrate deeper into tissue. IPLs penetrate approx 2mm beneath the skin whereas lasers will penetrate 4-5mm, this is the ideal depth to target the structures that will disable a hair follicle.
- Lasers have more advanced cooling systems, making treatment more comfortable.
- Treatments with laser are quicker and more efficient.
- IPLs cannot treat darker skin types, lasers can treat darker skins very successfully without the risk of pigmentation.
Research the laser being used for treatment, it’s important. Find out how does laser hair removal work? You are investing time and money having sessions done so want them to be as effective as possible. In addition to this you want to see long lasting results. The results that you will achieve from laser are based on a number of factors. While the type of laser used is important its not the only one. As well as this the experience and skill level of the therapist performing treatments is vital. Because we are a dedicated laser hair removal clinic all of our therapists are fully trained. As a result of this they will provide you with the best results in the safest way.
If you have any questions and would like to speak to one of our consultants about laser contact us today to arrange a free consultation.